Maryland Background Check

What is Background Check?

A background check or background investigation is the process of researching and compiling past information on an individual. This information is usually gleaned from public records held by government organizations and departments. They include arrest records (warrants, felony and misdemeanor charges, incarcerations, sex offenses), vital records (marriage and divorce records, birth and death certificates, civil court hearings), property records (owned property, estimated values, purchased goods used as collateral), background check records (bankruptcy records, places of residence, occupancies at that residence, and how long people lived there

The amount of background check information presented on StateRecords.org will vary from individual to individual as well as by what resources were used to collect the information, because different sources, which are publicly available, often have a non-standardized town, county and state level protocols, storage classifications, requirements, organization and digitization processes.

County Infrastructure

In the United States, a county is a political and geographic subdivision of a state, usually assigned some level of governmental authority. Many counties are divided into smaller political or governmental units, which may provide governmental or public services. The importance of the county infrastructure lays on the court legal procedures and incarceration infrastructure. Most court cases in Maryland courts begin in one of the 23 superior or trial courts located in each of the state’s 23 counties. Each county demonstrates a judicial power and legal power by its courts. All small claim cases are assigned to the county courthouses, leaving them with the executive power over the sentence of the case.

Incarceration Infrastructure

Maryland Department of Correction and Rehabilitation is entitled to govern the majority of the imprisonment in the state of Maryland, excluding juvenile incarceration, federal prisons, and county jails. The state of Maryland registers 19 state prisons held by the Maryland Department of Correction and Rehabilitation, 1 federal prison that is a Federal Correctional Institution, 4 youth centers and 6 juvenile facilities held by the Maryland Division of Juvenile Justice.

Criminal Records

A criminal record is defined as an official document that records a person’s criminal history including arrest records, warrant records, felony records, misdemeanor records, and sex offender registration information. The information is assembled and updated from local, county and state jurisdictions, trial courts, courts of appeals as well as county and state correctional facilities. The standard for criminal record collection and storage varies from county to county, but the majority of Maryland criminal records are organized in online record depositories that are available to the public in the form of a Criminal Background Report.

Civil Records

A civil record is defined as the documents which keep, administrate, and maintain all records regarding a person’s most important life events. These records compile such documents as birth certificates, marriage records, divorce records, and death certificates. All the available records are gathered and stored in a permanent central registry state entity that is used to develop statistical analysis of its population presenting it to the public in a report. The records are compiled from the information presented by the bureaus of statistic and vital records, civil court cases, and vital indexes.

Bankruptcy Information

Bankruptcy is a legal status of a person or other entity that cannot repay the debts it owes to creditors. In most jurisdictions, bankruptcy is imposed by a court order, often initiated by the debtor. While bankruptcy cases are always filed in United States Bankruptcy Court, an adjunct to the United State District Courts, bankruptcy cases, particularly with respect to the validity of claims and exemptions, are often dependent upon State law. The United States Code signed six types of bankruptcy under the Bankruptcy Code. The most common types of personal bankruptcy for individuals are addressed in Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 which compromise straight bankruptcy and Wage Earner Bankruptcy.

Why is Background Check is Available to the Public?

In 1970, the Maryland State Legislature passed a law named the Maryland Public Information Act. This law is for the last changes in 2000 and aims to make sure disclosure of court records and other public records to the public, Maryland Public Information Act. Every person throughout the state can request access to access all public records through the assigned specialized offices within its determined terms. The availability of the records extends to vital records, court records, criminal records, and bankruptcy information as these cases are governed by the Maryland District Courts.

What Background Check Access Mean to the Public?

The law is similar to the Maryland Open Meeting Law legislates the methods by which public meetings are held, statute 10–501 of the Annotated Code of Maryland define the law. As the Maryland Public Information Act is a series of laws designed to guarantee that the public has access to public records of government bodies at all levels in Maryland. Maryland statutes 10-611 through 10-628 define the law.

Maryland State Archives

State Archives

Results Include

Full State Record Report:

  • Name
  • Location
  • Case Number
  • Case Summary
  • Docket
  • Police Report
  • Court Documents
  • Legal Records
  • Case File
  • Statements
  • Transcripts
  • Legal Forms
  • Case Notes
  • Disposition
  • Trial Records
  • Arbitration
  • Case Evidence
  • Witnesses
  • Interviews
  • Descriptions
  • Mugshots
  • Charges
  • Legal Motions
  • Attorney Records
  • Prosecution Records
Maryland Talbot County Courthouse 1794

Maryland Talbot County Courthouse 1794

  • State Archives holds over 18,000 cubic feet of records.
  • There are 2 levels of Courts: trial and appellate.
  • There are Circuit courts in each of the 8 judicial districts.
  • The Circuit Courts of Maryland are the state trial courts of general jurisdiction in Maryland. 
  • The Court of Appeals of Maryland is the supreme court of the U.S. state of Maryland.
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