What defines a Criminal Record in Maryland?
A criminal record is as an official document that records a person’s criminal history. The information assembles updated local, county and state jurisdiction. Also trial courts, courts of appeals as well as county and state correctional facilities. The standard for criminal record collection and storage varies from county to county. The majority of Maryland criminal records are organized in online record depositories that are available to the public in the form of a Criminal Background Report. This report is accessed through a number of courts, police departments, and the official Maryland State Records Online Database. The amount of criminal records information presented on StateRecords.org will vary from person to person. Resources are used to collect information because different sources often have non-standardized state level protocols, storage classifications, requirements, organization and digitization processes. Criminal records in the state of Maryland generally include the following subjects:
Maryland Arrest Records
An arrest record is an official document providing information about a person questioned, apprehended, taken into custody, or placed in detention. They are held for investigation and/or charged with, indicted or tried for any felony, misdemeanor or other offense by any law enforcement or military authority. In Maryland, an arrest can result in someone being cited—or ticketed—by a police officer, a private person, federal officer or being booked into county jail.
Maryland Arrest Warrants
An arrest warrant is an official document signed and issued by a judge or magistrate on behalf of the local and state jurisdictions, which authorizes a police officer to arrest or detain the person or people named in the warrant or to search and seize the individual’s property. In Maryland, the police can arrest a person for committing a crime even without a warrant, in most cases, it is when the person commits the crime in an officer’s presence.
A misdemeanor is a non-indictable offense and is generally less severe than felonies. However, like felonies, a misdemeanor charge is classified by a number-based system designed to describe the severity of the alleged crime. Maryland misdemeanors carry sentences as high as ten years imprisonment but are less serious crimes than felonies, Criminal Sentencing
. Maryland does not classify its misdemeanor crimes into separate classes. Misdemeanor crimes in Maryland include assault in the second degree, stalking, harassment, theft of property or services valued at less than $1,000, carrying a concealed dangerous weapon, and driving under the influence.
A felony offense is a criminal conviction with a maximum sentence of more than 1 year. It is served in a county jail or state prison. In some cases, a felony conviction can even be punished by death. A felony in Maryland is a serious crime that is punishable by death or a term of one year or more in prison, Maryland Felony
. Maryland does not classify felony crimes into different classes. The Maryland criminal statutes offer the possible penalties for each individual felony.
Maryland Sex Offender Listing
A sex offender listing is a registry of persons who convicted of committing a sex crime that is often accessible by the public. In most cases, jurisdictions compile their laws into sections, such as traffic, assault and sexual. The laws in the state of Maryland categorize the sex crime: first-degree sexual offense, second-degree sexual offense, third-degree sexual offense, and fourth-degree sexual offense. Based on the degree of a sex crime the offender is required to register for a certain amount of time. Judges are given discretion as to whether they need registration for crimes besides the charges listed under the sex offender registration law, FAQ
. A judge may order an adult to register as a sex offender if the crime they were convicted of involves sexual motivation
Maryland Serious Traffic Violation
A serious traffic violation tends to involve willful disregard for public safety, death, serious bodily injury, damage to property and multiple minor traffic violations. If you receive a traffic ticket in Maryland, you are required to pay a fine (shown on your ticket) and you may also receive other penalties. Depending on your driver's license type, driving history, and severity of your violation, the MD Motor Vehicle Administration may add points to the driving records. If you accumulate too many points, you could risk a driver's license suspension or revocation.
Maryland Conviction Records
A conviction record is a document providing information that a person is found guilty, pleaded guilty or pleaded no contest to criminal charges in a civilian or military court. The criminal charges are classified as a felony, misdemeanor or other offense. Conviction also includes a person judged delinquent and less than honorably discharged or placed on probation, fined, imprisoned or paroled. A criminal conviction is rendered by either a jury of peers or a judge in a court of law. A conviction does not include a final judgment deleted by a pardon, set aside, reversed or otherwise rendered inoperative.
Maryland Jail and Inmate Records
Jail and inmate records are official documents of information about a person’s current and sometimes past inmate status. A person who is in jail is an inmate who is deprived of their civil liberties. They are on trial for a crime or serving, which maintains an inmate database that is often searchable online a prison sentence after being convicted of a crime. Most states have a Department of Corrections Employment
. These records often include the inmate’s name, incarceration date, expected release date, convicted offense and sometimes photos.
Maryland Parole Information
Parole records are an official document that includes information about the release of a prisoner who agreed to certain conditions before completion of their maximum sentence. While the prisoner is on supervised parole, the board needs parole for inmates to pay a monthly supervision fee. This fee cannot be less than $30 unless the board agrees to accept a lower fee after determining the inability of the prisoner to pay. The board may also impose any conditions of parole it seems to make sure the best interests of the prisoner and the citizens of Maryland are served.
Maryland Probation Records
Probation records are official documents that show when a person receives probation as an alternative to prison. Probation allows people convicted of a crime in Maryland to serve their sentences out of custody, as long as they follow probation conditions imposed by the judge and probation officer Parole and Probation
. Probation is issued in proportion to the crime, so the length and nature of probation differ (sometimes drastically) from case to case. Probation typically falls into three categories: minimally supervised, supervised and intensive – an intensive is a form of very strict probation that has conditions that vary from state to state but that emphasize punishment and control of the offender within the community.
Maryland Juvenile Criminal Records
A juvenile criminal record is an official record of information about criminal activity committed by children or adolescents who are not yet of legal adult age. Juveniles are not considered convicted of a crime like an adult but instead, are found “adjudicated delinquent”. These criminal records are often mistakenly erased or expunged once a person becomes of legal adult age, but in fact, the record remains unless the person petitions to have it expunged. If a person was found adjudicated delinquent to a criminal offense, they do not have to respond “yes” if asked whether they have ever been convicted of a crime, unless the question specifically asks if they were ever adjudicated delinquent as well.
Maryland History and Accuracy of Criminal Records
The accuracy of the data of criminal records depends on the recordkeeping and technological capabilities of the jurisdiction. This is where the record assembles and later digitized. Maryland’s criminal records archive usually tends to go back as far as the 1970s. Criminal and arrest data started to centralize and compile into an organized database much like we use today. Accuracy was more commonly affected by a human error in the past. In the 1990s the quality and accuracy of record keeping improved exponentially due to the computer, so the information provides on StateRecords.org will vary from person to person.
Maryland Megan’s Law
Megan's Law is the term for state laws that create and keep up a sex offender registry, which provides information on registered sex offenders to the public. The first Megan's Law appeared after the rape and murder of 7-year-old New Jersey resident Megan Kanka by a sex offender who lived in the girl's own neighborhood. Soon after passage of this first Megan's Law, the federal government implemented a requirement that all states set up sex offender registries and offer the public with information about those registered, Maryland Sex Offender Registry
. The Maryland Sex Offender Registry is one of many important tools that families can use to protect themselves, their children, and those they care for from people with criminal sexual behaviors. This law will oblige the sex offender to register, so to explore resources to ensure and to prevent sexual abuse.